Reasons to visit Poland

Poznan, Poland, Monuments, City, The Sun

We’ll begin with the easy one. When many people think of Poland, they think of this country’s (mostly sad) history in WWII. For anyone interested in this tragic part of human history, Poland is a must-visit country.
The most evident is the haunting and upsetting Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and death camp, situated about one hour outside of Krakow. It is necessary to pre-book a tour round the camp. The guide offers great perspective on what could otherwise be a completely surreal experience. No matter how much you’ve read about what happened at Aushwitz throughout the atrocities of the war, being there is a sobering and emotional experience.
Walking around Krakow, you can explore the former Jewish ghetto and Plaszow concentration camp. These are well known as the actual location of lots of the events depicted in Steven Spielberg’s film Schindler’s List. The relatively new museum in Schindler’s former factory is one of the finest WWII museum’s we’ve ever visited (and we’ve been to a lot), and should be a must-see for anybody visiting Krakow.
A bit more off the beaten path is Westerplatte, just outside the northern city of Gdansk. This is where the first official shots have been fired of WWII, between the Germans and the Poles on September 1, 1939. Many Beautiful Old Towns
“Beauty” and”Poland” are not two words most men and women put in the exact same sentence, but that is a mistake. Despite considerable destruction during WWII, some older cities survived, and many others have been rebuilt in much the same way as they existed before the war.
Most travelers think of just Krakow. Granted, the old town of Krakow is as beautiful as it is overrun with tourists. The old city of Warsaw is very underrated. While most (or all) of it had to be rebuilt after the war, it’s still a beautiful and interesting place to explore, filled with restaurants, bars, churches, and monuments.
We were also pleasantly surprised by the northern port city of Gdansk, which was probably our favourite city to explore in the whole country.
To get off the beaten path a bit, try Wroclaw. This city is know as the”Venice of Poland” due to the many canals throughout the city centre. Spend your time trying to find the 300 gnomes scattered throughout town.
Or get out of the center of Krakow to check out the neighborhood of Nowa Huta, a planned community given as a”gift” in the USSR to Poland and intended to be a communist utopia.
3. Hiking in the Tatra Mountains
Poland has amazing hiking. Who knew? An (optimistic) two hour bus ride south of Krakow brings you to Zakopane, and alpine town that would not be out of place in Austria or Switzerland, but happens to be in the Polish Tatra Mountains. The views from popular Mt Giewont are magnificent if you’re able to take care of the crowds coming up the cable car on busy evenings. Try going in the shoulder season for a quieter experience.
4. What more do you need? You like savory? Done! You need something sweet? No problem. How can such a simple dish be so delicious? For the true connoisseur, get to Krakow for the annual Pierogi Festival each August.
If you ever get tired of meat/potato/cheese/fruit filled dumplings, we found great pizza (CZIKAGO in Zakopane), amazing kebabs (Sapko Kebab in Warsaw), and even decent sushi (Sushi Corner in Wroclaw), even though the latter took a little searching on our part.
Make sure you wash all that great food down with a few local vodka!
5. And Finally, the Beaches!
Yes, you read that right. Beaches. In Poland. Granted, the Baltic Sea can be a bit nippy, but those Poles are hardy people. The beach at Sopot, near Gdansk, was beautiful and busy.

Snow Removal

Snow Removal Snowstorm Driveway White ManFirst and foremost snow removal begins with great gear. This means having the right type of boots, gloves and shovels. Often people which have been shoveling for a brief amount of time will start to get blisters. Boots should go right up to your knees and be waterproof with a good grip.

opossum removal come in a vast array of shapes and sizes and are designed specifically for different techniques. Stay away from cheap shovels as they will break. Cheap plastics and wood may only be good a couple of times until they give way. Invest in something which will last a lifetime. Explore the concept of getting a ergonomic shovel that’s designed to take less stress off your back.

Begin by clearing the walkway or path leading to the door. This will also keep your feet dry. Pile the snow high across the lender but not in one spot. If you choose to pile the snow in 1 place you will fatigue quickly from lifting the shovel full of snow to higher heights to reach the top of the pile.

If you run across ice at the bottom of where you’re shoveling then use a sharp metal tool like a spade to break it. If there is a severe buildup then only shovel over top of it.

There are numerous patterns which you can do if shoveling snow to effectively remove snow from a surface. If, for instance, you were shoveling snow from a driveway you might wish to try shoveling a line straight down the center. Then you could remove the snow line by line on one side and the continuing on the other. This will prevent buildup of snow on your shovel as you shovel. If there’s a whole lot of snow you might choose to create two lines down the center of the section thereby creating three sub-sections of snow to be removed.

This will assist in being able to push reasonable amounts of snow to the bank. Another method to prevent spill off from your shovel as you are shoveling to angle your spade to 45 degrees. Consider the last time you saw a plow going down a street. The idea with the angle is to effectively move the snow ahead while stop spill off. If you we’re shoveling left to correct the angle the driveway right to reduce melt to the left.

When lifting snow be certain to bend your knees. This will take the strain off your back. You can even kick the foundation of the shovel before lifting to ensure a full load. Pile many tiny piles then one big one. When you first start your pile make sure to throw it deep as future additions will likely fall back down to the region you’re attempting to keep clean.

Dressing appropriately is also significant. Be certain to wear many layers. You’ll sweat when shoveling snow and be able to peel off layers as required. Take frequent breaks and do not strain yourself. Drink loads of water. Although something warm like coffee or tea might be ideal in colder weather it may dehydrate you. Drinking hot chocolate may be a safe option.

Clearing sidewalks is a law is practically every town. In most cities and towns you are, by law, required to remove snow for public sidewalks. Good citizens often make a point of clearing older neighbor’s sidewalks and paths.


Shark Diving Sea Fish Underwater Life Shar

Sharks! Does this title bring a feeling of fear in your mind? Or you get excited by hearing the title like Bexar County Wildlife Removal. Today I will tell you each and everything about sharks; from their body structure, to eating habits, to facts and myths related to them. So let’s start with something general about them.

Shockingly almost all of them relate to beams more instead of other sharks. They like the other fishes, respire through gills rather than through lungs as mammals do. Sharks have canine teethes that aren’t connected to the jaw, rather are embedded in the skin. Sharks physical construction is quite varying. Sharks can be too little just 22 centimeters long like pygmy shark or can be overly large around 13 meters such as white shark. Until today, over 360 species of these sharks are discovered.

They have cartilaginous skeleton that’s quite light and very flexible than bone. Their skin is often guarded against parasites and other damages due to dermal denticles covering. All sharks have compact bodies though few of these have wide fins in the end. So as with other fish species in addition they swim swiftly though they’ve bulky bodies.

Sharks teethes aren’t connected to the jaw but they’re suspended into the flesh of their mouth. This might be because they want more piercing power when attacking their prey. Interesting fact about sharks teethes is that in a typical, single shark may loose 30,000 teeth in a lifetime. Sharks have tails that provide them speed and acceleration. The arrangement of the tail varies from shark . Shape of the tail provides shark the capability to prey and survive in various environments.

Sharks respire through gill slits which are situated just next to head prior to the pectoral fin. In addition they have spiracle, a modified gill, right over the head though which they ingestion water when respiring. This spiracle plays significant role for the bottom dwelling sharks in which the oxygen concentration in the water is less. Sharks eyes are covered with a tissue called tapetum lucidum that made them ideal for marine atmosphere. Sharks life span might be from 20 to 30 years.

They could eat anything from small fishes, turtles, turtles, big fishes, and even other tiny sharks. They prey in groups if they’re preying on the surface of the water or in the bottom. Their technique to assault may differ from species to specie. Some sharks swathe their prey and kill the weak ones while other sharks prey using concealed attack technique. But one thing is common to them all. Yes and this aggressiveness have encouraged them to humans also. Sharks have olfactory glands which let them feel even a 1 part million of blood in the water. They’ve hearing power also.

Reproduction in shark is very seldom observed. Although some sharks reproduce by bending round the female shark whereas other shark the large ones frequently mate swimming parallel to one another. An individual can easily differentiate between man shark and female shark. Males have altered pelvic. Sharks produce pups either straight or shield them with egg cases unlike eggs put by other fishes. Sharks can even partner without needing any male partner.

This all told about their arrangement, eating habits and reproduction, let us know move towards some rumors connected with them. Quite simply, sharks do not prey humans though few shark species are harmful for people. They do not like to feed on people. So what about the stories linked to the sharks attacking the people? Usually sea-divers and water surfers are the victims of shark strikes. Sharks like to ride high tides and hence frequently strikes surfers coming their way. We people often feel that white sharks are the most peculiar underwater creatures but some divers had reported to go as close as to them with no fear of being getting struck by white sharks however few precautions are required.

Get yourself out of these false stories connected with sharks and show your respect towards them. Shark killing was improved in past 50 years. Some of the shark species have gone extinct. They are of enormous importance to us and temperament. Nature has made every creature with pre-defined targets and we should collaborate with character as much as you can.

Going to Indonesia check out Komodo Island

Komodo Dragon, Lizard, Monitor, Dragon

But convincing my family to try something a bit different can be much like pulling teeth!

They always need to go to the exact boring travel destinations. Places such as Disney world or dull beach vacation type areas.

Those areas are fine, and we do go to all those sort of places from time to time, but I need something a little from the ordinary! I wish to go some place that we will remember for the rest of our lives. Some place where nobody we know has gone before!

If you are like me, then you have come to the perfect place today because I have got a travel idea for you that should knock your socks off. Ready?

If you have never heard of Komodo National Park, you are not alone. It is located smack dab in the center of the Indonesian archipelago.

This is not just another national park. .

The park is particularly famous for having the largest Komodo dragon on earth. If you are having trouble picturing these men, thing of a large lizard with four legs and a snake like tongue with type of alligator such as skin.

The best time of the year to go to the park is generally somewhere between April and October, giving you quite a selection of travel dates to fit in with just about anybody’s schedule.

Watching these remarkable dragons is not the only thing to do there . There’s also a great deal of marine activity. Anything from researching choral reefs, to checking out mangroves. .

There might be several reasons to see this area, but the major one is to have a look at the dragons. There really are not that many websites in the world now that hearken back to ancient times, but you’ll think you’ve stepped into Jurassic park the minute you place your first dragon.

Nowadays you can go just about anywhere on the planet, but Komodo National Park offers something for just about everybody. For the children, the allure is clear, how a lot of their friends have ever seen a real dragon? For adults, this is an off the beaten path type of place that nobody else will have the ability to brag about!

Dead Animal Removal Round Rock strongly recommends you check it out!

Interesting Pet Idea’s

Possum Rodent Opossum Animal Mammal Wildli

They make great pets because of their size and friendliness to their owners. When you go looking to buy a STO make sure to do your research on the breeder. Some breeders do not interact with their short tailed opossums which makes them be a little harder to handle at first. With the majority of STO, they can be trained to come to their owner with proper handling.

STO’s make great pets for families. I wouldn’t buy one if you will make it a pet for a young child. On the reverse side families with a good deal of exotic pets with young children appear to manage and care for these little guys with a lot more care.

College aged and teenagers do really well with these guys since they do not have a lot of requirements as pets click over here. Short tailed opossums may also manage the crazy hours that college kids have. While they may be handled and will come to you after they get used to you. Some people think they are not very affectionate, but after owning one for 3 years I would say that is not so.

STO’s can be nippy through the first couple of weeks after you purchase one. This is due to the stress of the new surroundings. You should give them at least one week to get used to their new home. Then start handling them every other day. This will help keep their anxiety level down.

Tips on How to Save Money During Building Construction

Girlfriends, Hug, Trust, Girl

Construction of a building typically starts with planning and designs by the architect throughout the client’s requirements then it proceeds to financing the project until its assembled and ready for use. Most clients want to build a house that would reflect their personality but in an affordable budget and yet fit their personal aesthetic requirement, this might be a tricky task to achieve without taking steps to cut costs where necessary, that is why we have assembled a few suggestions to get you started.

Compare Proposals and Choose Wisely

Knowledge they say is electricity so therefore being informed before making any choice be it materials, styles and most especially the execution is very important to choose wisely. To properly do this you should receive several suggestions and quotas from various contractors and subcontractors which states their requirements for labour, supervision and materials with the cost attached, this will enable you compare and contrast between them and choose wisely the one which fits into your budget and get references to be sure that whomever you choose can deliver to the standard you require and to receive a well-rounded picture of the individual you are working with, this can help you avoid extra expenses to correct errors which might be incurred as a result of poor management by the contractor.

Improvise During Construction

There are numerous requirements and expectations that goes into a building among which include kitchen cabinets and wardrobes, these can cost you a lot if you are building them off-site then before installing them. However you can save yourself a lot of money by building them on site yourself, with just minimal masonry and labour you can build a more sustainable kitchen cabinets and wardrobe then complete it with marble tiles or stones that looks amazing and would last longer than the wooden one made off-site.

Adapt Sustainable Execution

To consider one must avoid anything that would incur unnecessary trouble later on since it not only lowers the quality of the construction it also impacts your investment.

The execution of stages like plumbing and electrical fittings could generate faults later if not managed properly, for example we have noticed that conduit system of installation of plumbing fittings can be tough to maintain if need arises since breaking of the walls and patching up it destroys the aesthetic value of the building in addition to the structural value. To avoid this however it’s ideal to adapt the duct system through planning so that supply can be made for the pipes within the building where the pipes could pass then later can be covered with aluminum louvers, that way it’s neat and sustainable.

Seek Advice on Materials

Building materials now are of different kinds and from different companies, the industry is full of substandard products due to the fact that many businesses reproduce materials made by other companies for a cheaper price but for lesser grade, so it would benefit you to make proper enquiries for expert advice on materials from builders in order that they can advocate quality materials for great rates. In some instances these contractors or subcontractors can get you a better deal on bulk items such as lumber, paint and fittings since they might have a close relationship with the dealers.

Reuse Materials

In building construction materials can be salvaged and reused however possible, often materials that could be reused are wasted during phases of construction. Materials like lumber which serve several purpose in construction like formwork, scaffoldings, bracing etc can still be reused, for example planks used as formwork for floor slab might also be refused for lintels and beams thereby saving you additional cost on purchasing extra wood. The important point to notice is to be careful while eliminating the formwork so as not to hurt them too badly.

Provide Your Own Water

A normal building construction site needs continuous water for virtually every action so if you supply your own supply of water without needing to buy you will save a lot, you can accomplish it by digging a temporal well or digging a borehole. This source of water may also benefit you if you opt to mould your own masonry blocks on site, eventually it may be retained for use after the job is completed.

Security for Materials

Theft and vandalism is a common thing in construction industry so it would be wise to seek to secure your materials ahead, most people build a temporal storage space with a container or constructed with roofing material. This will be used to store your materials till you complete the job, if however the storage is not serving its purpose maybe you could hire a security personnel to guard the area.

What Is A Healthy Relationship?

Man and Woman Kissing

People and connections evolve. It can be a bit like hitting a moving target or trying to comprehend something that’s always in flux. While bonds can be hard to manage, a fantastic relationship is worth the effort.

A fantastic relationship can have amazing benefits, but an unhealthy connection can be worse than being alone.

How can you tell if your relationship is a great one? There isn’t a foolproof method for scoring a link, but powerful associations have a lot of common features.

Search for these healthy signs:

1. Balance. A balance will mean different things to different relationships. For instance, there could be a substantial imbalance in the financial responsibility within a relationship, but some other aspect could function to compensate for that discrepancy.

Generally, is your relationship fair? Is every party committing the exact overall effort and resources? Or is 1 party consistently getting the better end of the deal? Openness. Both parties don’t hesitate to talk about their feelings and concerns honestly and openly. It’s no fun to be in a relationship where you think you must keep your pain and worries to yourself. How open can you be with your partner? Are you comfortable sharing any matter?
3. A common long-term prognosis. For a relationship to thrive over the long-haul, it’s vital that there be a common objective. That objective might involve children and a life in the suburbs. Or, it may be retiring at age 40 and travel the world. Do you both want the same things ten years or more from today?

4. Fun. Good ties are fun. Do you regularly have fun with your spouse? Do you enjoy sharing the same space together? Do you have fun in your relationship or do you rely on your friends for fun and entertainment?

Is the time you spend together enjoyable? Respect. Mutual respect is imperative in any powerful bond. Without respect, one person will be abused or minimized. Do you respect each other enough that both of you feel valued and important?
6. Able to settle conflicts without abuse or resentment. Conflicts arise in any connection. Resolving disputes fairly and respectfully is part of any healthy relationship. It is just as important to be able to let go of any resentment that stemmed from the conflict. Holding on to anger is poison to the future of the connection.

How do you resolve problems in your relationship? Do these types of discussions make your relationship stronger or more fragile? Do you feel apprehensive about raising concerns with your spouse? Acceptance. Do you take each other as you are? Some spouses enter into a relationship with the purpose of changing the other person to suit their tastes better. Few folks are accepting of the strategy. If you can’t take your spouse as they are, think about finding somebody else.
Remember that nobody is ideal, and you’re never going to find the ideal partner. Commitment. Bonds are work. If both parties aren’t committed to making things work, the alliance is unlikely to survive. Just how much of a priority would be your connection to the two of you? Most associations can be successful if the degree of commitment is large enough.
Healthy relationships are a crucial part of a full and happy life. Unhealthy relationships can create hardship and distress.

Why We Need Fallout Shelters

The drill was a most significant show of a Civil Defense Exercise ever done in the background. Russians know that a substantial percentage of the civilians could be sheltered and protected from bunkers however powerful the atomic attack is! What does this signify? The relations between Russia and the US have attained to a country that remind us of a Cold-War age when a nuclear war always seemed an immediate possibility. So we’re back to square one. While the older nuclear bomb fallout shelters of the’50s and’60s in the usa are technologically redundant, the US government hasn’t done anything on constructing modern nuclear bunkers to protect its civilian population. Why?

Because the institution buys the concept that the whole human race will go extinct after a nuclear war. The Nuclear Winter theory has caught the mind of the scientists, the think tanks and the US authorities all alike. In fact, the concept is a huge hoax. The theory maintains that the detonation of a great number of atomic bombs will produce as much smoke and smut that it would block sunlight radiation reaching earth resulting to a complete annihilation of human race along with other living species from this planet. Surprisingly, he never did any active research on the topic of nuclear winter nor was he directly involved in building the units or conducting the simulations. They made everybody in the US to think that nuclear war could bring an end to the human race. Sagan visualized the world would come to an end after a nuclear war and for that reason, advised against any civil defense program to be set up.

The Russians, the Swiss, the Chinese and lots of others do not seem to have endorsed the concept of nuclear winter. That’s the reason they are bunker-ready, but the US isn’t. Wein, Pest Removal, Choi and Denuit argue that if a large percentage of individuals should be rescued from ground-level detonation from the Washington, DC – or for that matter in any other city then sheltering is a much better strategy than evacuation. Evacuating people to a distant place away from the affected region would be technically not a viable preposition due to the severe radiation effects in the areas after the atomic blast. The only safe way is going to be that individuals travel to nearby bunkers as rapidly as possible without wasting much time as exposure to radiation for a longer time would reduce the survival rates or create health problems in due course of time.

In accordance with the US intelligence report, Russia is growing a great number of underground command bunkers. A CIA report says that the underground structure is a lot bigger in area than previously supposed. The threat of nuclear attack is currently not only from Russia but from a number of other quarters too. Following 9/11, a nuclear attack by terrorists can’t be ruled out entirely. The bulk of the US people are completely unaware of the consequences; the US government hasn’t planned or done anything to protect the common people from an impending nuclear radiation hazard. The only way people can endure from nuclear attacks is the self-evacuation to a shelter nearby as promptly as possible – specifically constructed to protect them from radiation effects.

A lot of myths prevail among the people, particularly in the US concerning the devastating effects of a nuclear war. One of those myths is that nuclear radiation will last for such a long time that individuals will need to stay in shelter for a year or longer. To stay in bunkers for this a long time isn’t feasible, and for that reason, there isn’t any point in building bunkers. It’s been estimated that when the radiation dose rate is 1000R/hour per minute following a burst, it is going to take just two weeks to the radiation dose to come down to the amount of 1R/hr. A number of other factors of weather like rain will reduce the dose rate even further. This simple fact establishes the many people can come out of the shelters and proceed outdoors safely after two weeks and start their daily activities.

Suspicious Death

Many times we are taught there are absolutes. What we read and are taught there are certain facts which shouldn’t be called Dead Animal Removal Austin into question. In math for instance 1+1=2 is a fact that shouldn’t be questioned. Many times we are taught especially in history there are underlying circumstances where specific facts come into light years and even decades afterwords that dispute what we were initially thought was true and factual. Some believe in conspiracy theories backed up by unsubstantiated events and non verifiable information. Then there are other times what we think are just conspiracy theories latter on verifiable information comes to light that indicates that maybe it was not a conspiracy after all but certain events actually did occur.

One of the most fascinating historical references that showcase events recorded in the present history might have been altered to cover up what really did occur. What students are educated and are purposely omits certain information that would change the way we look at people and events that shaped the course of countries. The events during the last part of World War II suggest that information withheld or not listed played a very important role in the future of not just the United States but Russia and the rest of the world.

Through-out history in times of war ordinary men were called upon to do extraordinary things. Feats of bravery and courage under fire are all testaments to the mental fortitude that surfaces in times of imminent danger. The excellent war heroes of history all had the mental tenacity to not just survive but to persevere until their mission was accomplished. When we look back in history to Americas great military heroes like Sergeant York, Audie Murphy, General MacArthur the one that stands out though many consider him a very controversial figure, General George Patton stands alone. He has been called many things including a military genius, a legend and just a son-of-a-bitch. But, even today 72 years after his death he is still thought of as the one U.S. Army General that epitomizes the fighting soldier of World War II.

While history points that his untimely demise was because of a traffic accident in which Patton suffered sever neck and head trauma and latter died of an embolism due to the results of that collision. Now, though new evidence has shed light on the death of Americas greatest war General. Was he a goal of America’s Top Brass and Russian influence? And why if he wasn’t murdered did the Army go to these lengths to cover up all of the evidence following the accident. And, why was there no report of the accident filed? Another disturbing fact why was there no autopsy done to uncover the real cause of death? All of these questions which have arisen more than suggest that is more to the truth that our history books say.

He was after all the wealthiest General of America. A man of contradictory characteristics. Patton was the one soldier from the Second World War who stood apart from all of the rest. He was the one General that the Germans feared the most. Without deviation he exerted his whole energies toward winning and the pursuit of excellence. He was after all harder on himself than he was of any of his men. The success in North Africa during World War II is testament to his leadership and the training of his men. So then why was Patton’s life cut short?

The evidence that points to Patton’s assassination has been mounting for the last decade so that today there is more than enough information to dispute prior knowledge that Patton died of injuries suffered in that fateful car crash in Germany. On this day in December before Patton was to return to the United States to start a speaking tour the General was the only person hurt in what was described as just a fender-bender. The truck that hit Patton’s car was awaiting the Generals car on the opposite side of the road. It didn’t start up until the Generals car came into view. The truck that side swiped the car was a stolen Army truck driven by an unidentified solder and a black passenger. Immediately after hitting the Generals car both inside the truck disappeared as did the driver, a Sergeant in a jeep who was leading the Patton Cadillac. Almost to the second following the crash high ranking officers descended upon the vehicle crash. It was anearly Sunday morning. If this accident was not staged how come so many Army officers came almost to the moment of the collision. Another interesting point that signals this was no accident all reports and investigations have mysteriously disappeared.

Within 12 days after the injury that the General died of an apparent sudden embolism we were originally considered to believe. Now, information has surfaced that the General was poisoned and that’s why there was no autopsy and why the General was quickly buried in Germany instead of america. We must remember at the time Patton was the only high ranking General pointing out the Soviets were interested in taking over Germany for themselves. Patton knew the Soviets in taking over Germany would lead the USA to the Cold War. Patton was censured, ignored and dismissed by Ike and the other American top brass. Patton was threatening to expose what actually went on during the war which cost more American lives than necessary. The insight of Patton proved he was correct in his assumptions about the Soviets under Stalin.

This vulnerability by Patton could have squashed the aspirations and reputations of Ike who was the Allied Supreme Commander. Additionally, it would have subjected the Russian treachery where the United States gave Stalin basically Card Blanche over Eastern Europe. A move that Patton realized and was prepared to fight against this treachery. This, the Soviet and American governments feared and reacted in a most brutal cover up to disguise the actual reason of the departure of Americas Great General.

Bismark A Life

Though commercially deferring to William, in fact Bismarck was in charge, adjusting the king with the wisdom of his and also the unexpected tantrum while using royal decrees to circumvent the potency of officials who are elected.

In 1864 Bismarck began the series of wars which would create Prussian energy in Europe. Denmark was assaulted by him to acquire the German speaking territories of Schleswig Holstein and two decades later provoked Emperor Franz Josef I into launch the Austro Prussian War (1866), that ended in a swift defeat for the ageing Austrian empire. At the moment, Bismarck intelligently declined to levy a war indemnity against the Austrians.

Bismarck was much less circumspect in the behavior of his of the Franco Prussian War (1870 71). Seeing the opportunity to unify Germany’s loose-fitting confederations against an outside enemy, Bismarck stirred political tensions between Prussia and France, famously filming a telegram from William I to make both places think insulted from the various other. Prussia levied an indemnity, annexed the French border provinces of Lorraine and Alsace and crowned William emperor of a unified Germany (the Second Reich) in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles – a huge insult to the French.

With Germany united, William I and Bismarck switched to entrenching the national power of theirs. For a lot of the 1870s Bismarck pursued a Kulturkampf (cultural struggle) against Catholics, who made up thirty six percent of Germany’s public, by putting parochial schools under state management and expelling the Jesuits. In 1878 Bismarck relented, allying with the Catholics against the rising socialist threat.

From the 1880s Bismarck set apart his conservative impulses to resist the socialists by making Europe’s first contemporary welfare state, creating national healthcare (1883), accident insurance (1884) along with aging pensions (1889). Bismarck additionally hosted the 1885 Berlin Conference which ended the”Scramble for Africa,” dividing the continent between the European powers and setting up German colonies in Cameroon, Togoland and Southwest and east Africa.

William I died in 1888 and was succeeded by the son Frederick III of his and then his grandson William II, each of whom Bismarck discovered hard to restrain. William II was left in command of a flourishing single state but was ill equipped to keep Bismarck’s thoroughly manipulated balance of international rivalries. Respected as well as admired by the moment of the passing of his 8 years later, Bismarck immediately grew to be a quasi mythic figure invoked by political leaders calling for powerful German leadership – or even for battle.

Lenins Rise

Vladimir Ilich Ulyanov came into this world in Simbirsk on the Volga River on twenty two April 1870 into a well educated family. He excelled at college and proceeded to study law. At college, he was subjected to radical thinking, as well as his opinions were also affected by the execution of the elder brother of his, a member of a revolutionary group.

Expelled from school for the radical policies of his, Lenin ran his law degree as being an outside pupil in 1891. He moved to St Petersburg and became a seasoned revolutionary. After his Siberian exile, Lenin – the pseudonym he used in 1901 – invested the vast majority of the ensuing fifteen years in Western Europe, wherever he emerged as a prominent figure within the international groundbreaking campaign and had become the leader of the’ Bolshevik’ faction of the Russian Social Democratic Worker’s Party.

Founded from the Germans, who desired he’d weaken the Russian war effort, Lenin was returned home where he started working contrary to the provisional government which had overthrown the tsarist routine. He eventually led what was soon to be recognized as the October Revolution, but was a powerful a coup d’etat. Nearly 3 years of civil war followed. The Bolsheviks were victorious and also assumed complete control of the country. During this particular period of revolution, famine and war, Lenin demonstrated a chilling disregard for the sufferings of the fellow countrymen of his and mercilessly crushed some opposition.

Although Lenin was ruthless he had also been pragmatic. When the attempts of his to change the Russian economy to a socialist system stalled, he unveiled the new Economic Policy, where a degree of individual venture was once again permitted, a policy which continued for a few years following the death of his. Although was seriously wounded, in 1918, Lenin narrowly survived an assassination attempt. The long term health of his was affected, and in 1922 he put up with a stroke from that he hardly ever completely recovered. In his declining many years, he concerned about the bureaucratization of this regime in addition to expressed concern over the growing strength of his final successor Joseph Stalin. Lenin died on twenty four January 1924. His corpse was embalmed as well as placed in a mausoleum on Moscow’s Red Square.

Brief Look at The Battle of Iwo Jima

My father, Cpl Norman P Sprague, fought at Iwo Jima so I did an in depth look at all that happened there. One thing that I found was that the iconic photograph that was taken by Joe Rosenthal was of the second flag that was hoisted on Mount Suribachi. My next discovery was that only two years before that time, the correct names of those raising that flag became famous for the first time. It has been many years since the battle of Iwo Jima during WW II yet the truth had not been known precisely.

1 thing I have done in my evaluation has been to identify the men who had raised the flag and I have afterwards discovered that there was a third flag also. I have the image but not the identities of flag number three. Then wind came up so that they needed help and they were subsequently aided by Cpl Charles Lindberg, Pfc James Michels, Pfc Raymond Jacobs and Navy Corpsman John Bradley. “Flags of our Fathers” had been written by his son James Bradley. I read his book and saw the movie also. That flag was 54″ x 28″ on the very first one and it had been taken from the USS Missoula, a transport ship. The photographer was Louis Lowery for that picture.

As for flag number two, the one that gets all the glory, the men are: Sgt Michael Strank, Cpl Hanlon H Block, Pfc Franklin R Sousley, Pfc Ira H Hayes, Pfc Rene A Gagnan and Harold Schultz.The Pulitzer Prize was awarded to Rosenthal for his ideal photo of the larger flag and men. The flag was 96″ x 56″ in size and came from The LST-779 which was a tank transport boat. For several years Sgt Henry Hanson was thought to have been one of the flag raisers but wasn’t one. Sadly, he never had gotten to leave Iwo Jima alive as he had been killed by a sniper’s bullet .

Lt Harold G Schrier was the first man to reach the top of Suribachi and he had been awarded the Navy Cross for his efforts and heroism. He headed the first marines in the 28th regiment of the 5th marine division to reach the top of the mountain and not knowing what he would face when he got there.

The Japanese were headed by General Tadamichi Kuribayashi who had his men well hidden underground. There were 21,000 men hiding in 13,000 yards of tunnel with a thousand cave entrances. They were well prepared for the coming onslaught of our fighting marines. My father was with the 3rd Marine Div. That had responsibility for the center of the island. His division were a reserve unit since they’d come from a brand new battle at Guam. Dad as part of a scout party, nevertheless went out early so he must see more action. Luckily, he made it out alive. The marine casualties were high. Marine command said there were 17, 372 wounded and 5,931 killed on Iwo Jima. Fought along the beaches and the quarry area while the 5th Marines concentrated on Mt Suribachi and the other beaches nearby. The 3rd Division went toward the airfields and their portion of wounded was 4438 and 1131 murdered. The entire island was dangerous and there were many heros.

The Japanese lost 19,977 men and there were 216 navy and 867 army members taken prisoner. One other discovery was that the Japanese had used Korean slaves to help fight to the finish.

After that battle, the next fight was at Okinawa and then there were bombing raids on the Japanese mainland. The Japanese previously surrendered on Sept. 2, 1945 aboard the USS Missouri ship after the atomic bomb droppings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki had occurred.

Wartime Crocs

I visited the Al Ain Zoo about 150 km from Abu Dhabi. This guide isn’t about the zoo, but about a certain species of crocodile known as the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus). This is a saltwater species, a thing of which I was not aware. In India, the reptile is the alligator and it infests the fresh water rivers and lakes in the Ganga to the Cauvery. However there is a sprinkling of saltwater crocodiles along the east coast of India. The Al Ain zoo has a saltwater reptile and he seems a ferocious monster. Just looking at him sends shivers down the spine.

The saltwater crocodile is the most ferocious of the reptiles and grows to gigantic size. It is also a meat-eater. 1 particular episode during World War II, brings out the fierce character of the beast. The saltwater crocodile has its habitat in swamps and mangroves near the sea in the complete East Indies, Burma and the Philippines. There’s one tale of an encounter with the Imperial army on the island of Ramree, which is hair-raising and incredible.

The saltwater crocodile as I have previously mentioned is a voracious meat-eater. Additionally it’s extremely strong and big and it isn’t unusual to have a reptile growing to a size of 15-30 feet and weighs over 2000 pounds. It is the largest reptilian predator on earth. The island is near the coast of Burma on the Bay of Bengal. In 1942 the Imperial army struck and not only captured the islands of the Andamans, but also the island of Ramree. The battles in Burma are well documented and the British Indian army went to retreat as the Imperial army struck all across Burma. Countless soldiers of the 8th army were captured. There was not much resistance on the island of Ramree, but its strategic importance was great, as it overlooked the Bay of Bengal.

The island of Ramree was occupied by the Japanese, who put up a garrison there. The island remained under Japanese occupation for 3 decades. By December 1944, the British Indian army had broken the siege of Kohima and Imphal and moved into Burma. The overall staff led by the C in C Field Marshal William Slim was keen that the island of Ramree be captured and an airfield be built there for distribution lines to the troops operating in Burma.

In early January 1945, the Indian 26th division under Major General HM Chambers seized the town of Akyab. A decision was taken for a frontal attack and landing with a gun barrage from ships of the Royal Navy. The Royal Navy drafted the Battleship Queen Elizabeth and lots of other warships for an incessant bombardment of the island and the caves, where the Imperial army soldiers were hiding.

On 14 January the strategy was set into operation and the Royal Navy began a heavy bombardment of Japanese positions. Under cover of the heavy barrage the 71st Indian Infantry brigade of Sikhs under command of Brigadier RC Cotterell assaulted the island. It was a success for Indian arms as the Japanese gave up the beach defences and retreated inwards. espite a determined defence the Imperial army retreated towards the swamps. Perhaps they thought they’d be safe from the advancing Sikh troops of the British Indian army.

A history of the conflict reveals the naturalist Bruce Stanley Wright was along with the Indian military and made meticulous notes. He records that the night of 19th January was particularly harrowing as the Japanese troops retreated towards the swamps. This was a terrible disaster for the Imperial army as the swamps were infested with the salt water crocodiles. Pupils of natural history tell us that the largest concentration of saltwater crocodiles in the world is in the swamps and mangroves of Ramree.

It was a terrible time. The notes of the period show that there was intermittent firing all night with cries of Japanese soldiers as they were attacked and eaten by the crocodiles. No specific figures are available, however, the Guinness book records it as the single most important crocodile attack on humans. It’s estimated that anything from 500-1000 Imperial army soldiers were devoured by the crocodiles. Bruce Stanley Wright has recorded that just about 20 Japanese military soldiers survived and were rescued and according to him up of 1000 Japanese soldiers were attacked and eaten by the crocodiles.

Many historians debunk the tale of the massacre, but some facts do point to a veracity of the episode. However the only authentic source of this information of a crocodile attack would be the notes of Wright. Most soldiers who participate in the assault were illiterate and have died long back. All the same this tale makes interesting reading. I do feel that there is some truth in this incident and though the amount of one thousand soldiers being eaten, may be an exaggeration, Maybe the figure could be near 80-100.

The crocodile certainly inspires awe and I for one can visualize the plight of the Japanese soldiers who were literally between the devil and the deep-sea as they faced the Indian troops and naval bombardment on one side and the crocodiles on the opposite side. This is what makes war history so interesting.

Crocodile Facts

When you holiday in the Northern Territory, it is wise to check with Parks and Wildlife centres to discover where it is safe to get into the water. There are water leisure centres and tours to keep you safe from the saltwater croc. They are quite soft and cold to the touch. Help feed the small and huge crocodiles. Get some great photos. Read the following to find out what you may not know about the’salty’.


Their teeth are sharp-pointed, inter-locking and are perpetually replaced. A single croc might grow up to 3,000 teeth in its lifetime. How amazing is that? A small bird hops into the ancient estuarine Crocodile’s mouth and cleans its teeth.

2. A saltwater crocodile swallows stones and pebbles

It is considered the purpose of this is to give them ballast when diving, and are frequently ingested to aid digestion – crushing food by means of a grinding activity within the gizzard of the stomach.

3. A saltwater crocodile can and will walk hundreds of kilometers overland.

Since Northern Australia has some small, inoffensive crocodiles limited to brackish or fresh water, most individuals believe all inland crocodiles are freshwater crocodiles. That is extremely misleading. It can and has lulled people taking great risks in what are now unsafe places as they know the freshwater crocodile to be generally harmless,unless provoked. The saltwater crocodile begins its life in brackish or fresh water, and only travels out to the ocean when it’s nearly fully grown to search for new territory.

4. A saltwater crocodile can and will swim in from ocean estuaries hundreds of kilometers

Saltwater crocodiles are known to live there for the rest of their lives. Therefore, do not think that they are only in the ocean.

5. A saltwater crocodile has greatly ossified scales along its back called the armor.

Their scales are the same material that hooves and claws are created out of; keratin. One of the main purposes of crocodile scales is due to their own protection.

6. The saltwater breeding female crocodile will cool her eggs with water carried by her mouth to the nest or spray urine on them.

In the breeding season between September to May, the female builds a nest of a scratched up pile of rotting plant matter and sand or sand. She lays about 30 to 90 eggs and covers them with a lot of the same material. They are incubated for 3 weeks. The saltwater crocodile lays in the wet season and several nests are destroyed by floodwaters.

7. The saltwater breeding female crocodile will collect the hatchlings in her mouth.

When she hears the babies chirping, she digs them out of the nest and carefully carries them to the water’s edge in her mouth. She will watch over them until they can look after themselves.

8. A saltwater male crocodile is cannibalistic.

Juvenile crocodiles are eaten by the territorial older men. Even with all the mother’s care, only about 20% survive to maturity, as goannas, snakes, sharks, turtles and birds will eat them, too.

9. The saltwater crocodile has a solid muscular tail that it uses to propel itself forward

Each of the propulsion and steering comes in the paddling of the flattened tail.

10. Crocodile culling was last completed in 1971 from the Northern Territory.

Saltwater crocodiles are now, sadly, becoming a public menace as their numbers increase. They’ve increased in the Northern Territory from approximately 5,000 to 80,000 in 38 years, and they’re moving closer to residential areas.

Is it up to us to remain out of the way?

It’s the larger crocodile that strains and it would be these huge ones which the crocodile hunter would target. The Parks and Wildlife have taken many large dangerous saltwater crocodiles away from regions that humans also regular. They have been known to return in a few weeks, unless they are taken to a crocodile farm. It has been said, by interested parties, that even though dozens of crocodiles were culled, how can it be ensured that just 1 crocodile will not come into a proclaimed safe location. It only takes one reptile to kill 1 person.

Gator Dos and Donts

The film’The Waterboy’, a teacher asked:”Why are alligators so competitive?”

The waterboy responded:”Momma tells me alligators are ornery because they have all those teeth but no toothbrush!”

Nigel Marven, the wild life specialist, wasn’t pleased with what his mother told him about alligators. He spent a year in Southern Florida in 2002 studying their ways and making films about them.

A group of his experiences on film are known as’Nigel Marven’s Alligator Adventure’. Nigel, back in England, had noticed an ad which read:

“Wanted! Alligator Wrestler. Must Be Brave and a Risk Taker!!! No Experience Needed.”

The ad described Nigel exactly. Alligator wrestlers were needed because Southern Florida was in its second year of drought. Nigel commented:

“A half million alligators are getting desperate and have begun coming into town in search of water causing big problems. That’s where my particular mission will come in – dealing with nuisance alligators.”

Nigel realized that some sort of training would help him to survive and to succeed in his job. He chose to train with an experienced alligator wrestler, a Miccosukee Indian, known as Kenny.

The Miccosukee have lived and hunted alligators in this region for centuries.

An alligator’s jaws have a crushing power of 3000lbs per square inch. Their teeth are not as sharp as crocodiles so they don’t chew their prey. They thrash their victims around till body parts are ripped off and may be swallowed whole.

Another difference is that crocodile snouts are pointed and narrow whereas alligator snouts are wide and round.

Kenny waved his hat in front of the eyes of a ten foot alligator to get it to open its mouth. He tapped above its snout several times with his hands

He then put his hands near its mouth. When it snapped its jaws closed and then opened them, he moved in quickly and closed its jaws with his left hands beneath and his right palm on top. He gripped its jaws with his thumbs on top and his fingers underneath.

He then moved anticlockwise round the left side of the alligator stepping first with his right leg, holding its jaws shut with his left hand alone until he could sit on its back pulling back its head with both hands. Again his thumbs were on top and his fingers underneath.

It was Nigel’s turn next. He had a go at a five foot alligator. What it lacked in size, it would make up for in speed. He approached it from the back. It took him some time to get his courage up for his first move.

Then he moved in fast squatting on its back just behind front legs and covering its eyes with his left hand which also slammed its head towards the ground. This shut its mouth so Nigel could catch its jaws with his thumbs in addition to its upper jaw and his fingers underneath the lower jaw.

To tie up its jaws he would need to bend its neck back before the alligator’s closed snout could be held in a clamped position under his own chin! The alligator didn’t enjoy this experience:

“I will hear that hissing. It’s going all through my body.”

He got off by putting down its head and then moving quickly away from its jaws.

Nigel decided he had heard enough grappling techniques and headed off to see the creatures from the wild. He was, after all, a wild life scientist as well as an alligator wrestler!

That day he travelled to a small pool filled with alligators. He could see orange red eyes and feel the tension in the atmosphere. It would have been suicide to try and swim in this pool so he punted his way in.

1 alligator came right up alongside his ship:

“They’re curious about anything new and it’s clear they are really hungry.
You may see them gliding through the water. Some are hunting.

“They have eaten all of the turtles and the fish and all there is left is each other. The smaller alligators try to keep out of the way of the larger ones by sticking to the shallows but sometimes there is no escape.”

1 huge alligator attacked an adolescent alligator:

“It is shaking it like a dog shaking a rat. They can’t chew. They can only hold so they thrash and crash until they dismember the bodies of large prey.”

Later in daytime, Nigel moved close in the shallows to a huge alligator and started tapping it on top of its nostrils until it opened its mouth wide. It clearly enjoyed using its snout rubbed.

Nigel put one hand in its mouth to point out the stubs of teeth which the alligator grips with. He was at exactly the exact same time talking to and looking at the camera!

Then he put his head in its mouth to give viewers a closer look in the throat! A camera was attached to his forehead. An alligator has no lips to seal its mouth from water so it has a false palate that seals its throat instead.

Nigel was determined to show a close up of this amazing design feature. He moved his head further and further in. Suddenly, the alligator lost patience and snapped its jaws twice.

Nigel narrowly escaped without losing his head or his arm not to mention the camera!

“Wow! Wow! I needed to be fast there, didn’t I really? Pheaw! That nearly spoiled my weekend!”

Alligators can’t survive for long outdoor water so, in times of drought, they produce their own ponds or’swimming pools’. They push mud back with their front legs and then sweep it away with their rear legs and tails. These pools assist other species to survive also.

Nigel decided to explore a pool’owned’ by a large female alligator. He entered the pool while the alligator was recharging her energies in the side of the pool at the sun. He estimated that this would take about half an hour.

He managed to unearth a salamander and an aggressively vicious snapping turtle that was just too eager to strike both him and the cameraman! Its jaws are made for cutting rather than grinding. A sting could snip off a finger or thumb.

Through the program, Nigel was filled with excitement. He was thrilled to discover some of the most horrendous looking creatures that most people would pay good money to avoid.

He only just escaped the pool prior to the’owner’ reached him.

His next’adventure’ was to swim with huge bull alligators and female alligators during their mating rituals. He was advised by an expert to keep at least twenty feet away from the bulls, to maintain low in the water and to splash water towards an alligator if it moved towards him.

He ignored some of the advice and got within six feet of a huge bull alligator. The bulls lift their heads and tails high from the water and bellow as part of the courting ritual.

They vibrate so much with the noise of the bellow and a deeper sound below the level of human hearing, that the water’dances’ in the air over their backs.

Female alligators bellow also but in a greater more ladylike pitch. The water doesn’t dance on their backs.

Nigel entered the water, as planned, to get nearer to the beaches and sounds of the magical scene.

He was so absorbed in watching the remarkable mating ritual of one bull that he failed to notice an alligator stalking him. Luckily, he turned and saw it in time. The water was shallow and this helped him escape unscathed.

During mating the female is submerged beneath and when the pair gets carried away she might even drown. Normally, however, her eggs are fertilized and she lays them within a couple of weeks and then after two or three months the little alligators emerge.

Nigel next swam with some manatees.

They eat a hundred pounds of green stuff a day and have 150 foot long intestines to process all of the plants they eat.

They are so large that they don’t need to fear the alligators. They usually come up to breathe every four minutes or so but can remain submerged for over sixteen minutes.

At one point an American crocodile joined the swimming party. There are only about 500 American crocodiles left – all in Florida. Nigel’s reaction was typical:

“For me swimming with one is a privilege indeed.”

In the next’adventure’, Nigel drew away a eight foot mom alligator from her hatching eggs so that he could get close enough to do some research. He was thrilled to hear the babies chirping as they hatched.

As he came close, she turned and snapped at him with stunning speed. Maybe she was just snapping her jaws together to frighten him away.

He encouraged her to come towards him once more and tripped over some tree roots on his left. Luckily, he kept on his toes and lived yet again!

“Cor! That snap really got my heart beating. If they run at you they could run at twelve miles an hour. I need to be able to out run her. Wow! Come on, Mum! Wow!” Each time Nigel said’Wow!’ The alligator came .

Finally, Nigel lay low and close on the ground watching entranced as she assisted the baby alligators to hatch by rolling the eggs around in her mouth:

This gets the blood coursing through my veins. The baby alligators walk towards their mum. They know that she’s the best way to get to the water.”

When she went off to take one of two of her babies to the water, he examined the others to see what gender they were. Their gender is determined by the temperature they are incubated at:

“This is ridiculous! These are reptiles but I feel like a proud father. This is the first day of those small hatchling lives. They could live to fifty.”

Nigel also discovered some baby turtles at the alligator nest.

Alligator hatchlings stay together as a family for a couple of decades but only a few will make it to maturity.

From day one they catch food for themselves but they’re also hunted by predators such as otters. The Mother alligator can’t be everywhere at once especially when she’s about forty baby alligators to shield.

There is one alligator for every ten people in Florida. They can be tempted by different sorts of food such as dogs. They take about a hundred a year but it is not just pets that are in jeopardy. Alligators can turn up everywhere.

Nigel met two year old Edna Wilkes and her friend Amanda. They had been swimming in a lake when Edna was attacked by an alligator. She had never seen alligators in that lake wasn’t scared about swimming there.

She believed her friend Mark was squeezing her arm and said:”Mark! Stop playing around!” Then she saw a snout. Her arm was in the alligator’s jaws.

She was pulled underwater before she had a chance to scream along with the alligator started to spin. Alligators drown their prey and twist to rip off chunks of flesh.

Her friend couldn’t’bear to see her die’ and handed her a plank that Edna got her upper body onto. Edna used her free right arm to try to open the alligator’s mouth and to ‘mess’ with him:

“I guess I chased him and he let me go!”

Edna kept her left arm although it had multiple fractures.

Now it was time for Nigel to put his skills and knowledge to the test.

A nuisance alligator was spotted in a swimming pool. It was big and on the bottom of the pool. Nigel would have to swim underwater to capture it with his bare hands.

He was, not surprisingly, nervous. He asked for guidance from Joe, a professional friend.

Joe advised: “Be slow, careful and deliberate. Cover the eyes and make sure that the mouth is closed before grabbing its snout. If necessary, push its head to the bottom of the pool to shut its mouth.”

Nigel’s swam up behind the alligator along its rear His first attempt to grab its closed snout failed and he came up gasping for air. On the second attempt:

“His jaws just missed me!”

Third time lucky – he swam over the alligator and grabbed the snout with the jaws closed with his left hand. He brought the alligator in near the steps into the pool. His friend Joe helped him tape the mouth closed and then lift it out of the pool

As usual, Nigel watched the positives of this terrifying experience:

“This bloke gave me a beautiful ride in the swimming pool”

Florida laws stated that a nuisance alligator over four feet long should be murdered but Nigel made certain that this one was released to an Everglades sanctuary where it could live on for many years to come. He commented:

“I just hope the people in Florida never lose patience with their prehistoric neighbours. I have enjoyed my alligator experience so much.”

My step brother emailed me this poem which shows that alligators are not necessarily the guilty party when it comes to attacks on human beings! It’s called’The Purist’ by Ogden Nash:

And sent him off to distant jungles.

Camped on a tropic riverside,

Professor Twist could not but smile.

“You mean,” he said,”a crocodile.”

Several survival and success tips can be heard from Nigel’s’adventures’.

Get training from the very best in the company. Nigel sought advice from three or more experts. He also implemented their advice although not all of it.

Keep your enthusiasm for what you’re doing even when you make mistakes. Nigel did not give up in the swimming pool.

Follow your passions. Nigel had bathed at home in his bath with young caymans from an early age. He afterwards drifted with alligators.

Maintain your childhood curiosity and sense of wonder so that you can enjoy your experiences on this awesome planet.

Chrissy Ogden wrote:’Keeping in touch with childhood memories keeps us believing in life’s simplest pleasures like a rainy afternoon, a swing set, and a giant puddle to play ‘ All through the film Nigel was playing in giant puddles.

Knowledge and fascination can diminish anxiety and panic. Nigel’s head was so filled with his curiosity about the animals he met up with that it didn’t have room for too much fear.

Don’t give up even if you feel your life is in the grip of an’alligator’ like debt or illness.

Be prepared to take risks although I would not suggest taking Nigel as your role model. I just checked on the world wide web to see if he’s still alive. He i

Raccoon Knowledge

They have become incredibly common in most part of the country recently, so it’s important that people brush up on their raccoon information. Since the 1940’s the countrywide population of raccoons has increased by over 10,000%.

Raccoons have a visually distinctive look. 1 interesting bit of raccoon advice is that this mask can also be considered by scientists to be visually iconic for the animals themselves. It’s thought that it assists them in recognizing faces of different raccoons, which is helpful for such a highly social species. Their sociability is obvious if you’ve ever seen a group of raccoons walking together across the road. They generally travel in groups of up to four of a single sex.

Because the United States, where Raccoons originated, is rather densely populated, we have to pay particular attention to raccoons who live here. This is especially true due to the great deal of raccoons who live here. Raccoons’ sociability and lack of fear toward humans often contributes to dangerous confrontations between us that can lead to rabies being spread from raccoon to individual. The population density of the state often exacerbates tensions because it means there are more people facing raccoons in smaller areas than in other parts of the country. Raccoons have been proven to be carriers of rabies, which makes it especially important to understand what we can about raccoon information to make sure we can live alongside each other peacefully.

The most important step to understanding raccoon information is to know that raccoons share something major with people: their ability to consume anything. Due to this, and the fact they are much less finicky than we are, that they are strongly attracted to our garbage. We must make certain to cap our garbage cans to ensure raccoons don’t smell the remains of food indoors. This is particularly true here because it is going to ensure people and raccoons can get along without confrontation. Besides their urge to consume everything, raccoons share other features with people, such as their propensity to wash their meals when in captivity. The cause of this is unknown, however, as wild raccoons have never been witnessed doing it.

Since raccoons carry rabies more often than most other animals, it’s important to contact an animal control expert if you see one acting strangely. There are many such people who understand specialized raccoon information that they use to deal with these creatures humanely. The reason for doing this is twofold. First, it is extremely important that an untrained person does not try to come in contact with an animal that is infected with rabies, as this might spread rabies in the raccoon to the person. The second explanation is that it is crucial to isolate infected raccoons so that the disease does not spread further in the raccoon community. Rabies epidemics spread incredibly quickly, so controlling it fast is the best solution for both humans and raccoon alike.

3 Reasons Dogs Sleep So Much

Do you need to know the top 3 reasons why puppies sleep so much? Continue reading to discover what they are and whether you should worry by gaining an understanding of your dog’s behaviour.

First, allow me to explain a dog’s sleeping habits are determined by the strain, the dog’s surroundings, and the dog’s age. These variables determine the amount of sleep that is required. On average, a dog is awake and active twenty percent of the time, awake but inactive thirty percent of the time, and asleep fifty percent of the time.

So why do dogs sleep so much?

The reason is because dogs do not get as much deep sleep as individuals. Individuals spend twenty-five percent of their time in deep sleep, but dogs just spend ten percent of their time in deep sleep.

It is normal dog behavior for domestic dogs to sleep half their life. Normal dog behavior is not a concern. It is a concern, but if there’s a change in your dog’s sleeping habits or a change in your dog’s normal behavior. Reasons for these issues will be discussed later in this section.

There are a number of reasons why your dog sleeps so much. Let us find out what the most frequent reasons are and what you will need to comprehend about this dog behaviour.

Some sleeping habits are strain dependent. Very large breeds such as the Mastiff, St. Bernard, Newfoundland, and Great Pyrenees like to sleep. The quantity of sleep that a puppy needs is contingent to its size.

Dogs adapt their sleep behaviour to their surroundings. With little or no activity in their environment, dogs with sedentary lifestyles will lay around all day from sheer boredom. Bored dogs tend to sleep and rest more, but this dog behavior is normal given the lifestyle.

Three – Age
Puppies and senior dogs sleep more. This too is normal puppy behavior. When puppies are active, they are quite active; full of life and vitality. Puppies exert a lot of energy in discovery and play and require more sleep. Senior dogs just slow down with age and require more sleep and rest.

There are other reasons why dogs sleep so much that you need to be aware of.

Again, normal dog behaviour isn’t a concern. It’s a concern, however, when there is a change in your dog’s sleeping habits or a change in your dog’s normal behavior. If your dog’s sleeping behaviour has changed, the following medical reasons might be the cause.

One – Hypothyroidism
The thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, causing a decline in metabolic function. The majority of the time this is an autoimmune response that attacks the thyroid gland, but it can also be caused by other conditions, such as cancer. The decrease in metabolic function causes the whole body to slow down resulting in lack of energy, lack of enthusiasm, and excess sleepiness. Other symptoms may include weight gain, anemia, hair loss, skin and coat disorders, decreased heart rate, and intolerance to cold weather.

Older female puppies, small breeds, and obese dogs are at greater risk of getting Diabetes.

Three – Infectious Disease
Most infectious diseases cause lack of energy and sleepiness and are accompanied by a variety of other symptoms.

Four – Depression
The primary symptoms of canine depression are an increased amount of time spent sleeping, decreased activity, lack of energy, decreased appetite, and weight loss.

If you suspect that your dog may be suffering from any of the above health conditions, make an appointment with your vet right away. Other reasons why dogs sleep much may also be the consequence of a low-quality diet. Most pet foods do not provide dogs with the nutrients their bodies need to live a healthy, active life and can slow them down, leading to a lack of energy and enthusiasm.

Now let us recap.

Always rule out underlying medical problems that could be causing your dog to sleep less or more than normal. A remarkable change in sleeping habits is an issue of grave concern. If your dog’s sleeping habits haven’t changed, then there’s absolutely no reason for concern. Dogs sleep more than individuals and it isn’t necessarily a bad thing. It’s normal dog behavior for domestic dogs to sleep half their life.

A dog’s sleeping habits are dependent on the strain, the dog’s environment, and the dog’s age. These variables determine the amount of sleep that a dog needs to get adequate rest. If your dog is bored, give him something to do this he does not sleep so much. Ensure he gets a lot of exercise and mental stimulation, especially if he decides to amuse himself in your absence by getting into crap and onto counters. Dogs are intelligent and love a challenge. Provide your dog with a smart dispenser-type toy like a treat ball to keep him occupied.

Ensure your dog is fed nutrient, digestible food. Between the grains and by-products, among other unhealthy ingredients, your dog is expected to consume something that is not great for him that will eventually drain him of his energy and affect his health. Provide senior dogs with orthopedic beds to improve their quality of sleep.

Hope you enjoyed this section on Dog Behavior, especially on the topic of why dogs sleep so much, and hope you walked away with something of value. If you liked this article, subscribe to my station on YouTube. Thank you so much for reading. I look forward to seeing you inside my next post. Please like, share, comment, and subscribe. Until next time. Bye Bye.

By understanding dogs and their behavior, you will be able to connect with them on a new level and gain their trust. Series 10 concentrates on providing pet owners with answers to why dogs sleep so much. Find out more about this frequent behavior and other dog behaviors on my YouTube Channel hosted by Osso, The Giant Alaskan Malamute.

10 Good Puppy Trainers

All things in life should grow and develop. This applies to New York City Opossum Removal also. This also applies to our relationships with our puppies. Whether you have your furry companion and want to plant the seeds of a harmonious long-term friendship, or you have been living together for a while, and want to take your relationship to the next level, we all need guidance sometimes. And just like you’d go to a specialist if you wanted more from your relationship with your spouse, you’d go to a.. . Dog training school if you needed to work on your relationship with your dog.

The question is, how do you find a great specialist? Now, if you were just feeling under the weather, you’d probably visit a general practitioner. But what if you had a toothache? I bet you would visit a dentist instead! First, you want to decide whether you would like to work on overall obedience, aggression, separation anxiety, or maybe you want to take on therapy dog training or a protection dog training course. Then you got to read on because we created a list of local hidden gems in San Diego area that specialize in precisely the sort of dog training classes you want!

Now, what forms of dog training colleges are we going to look at exactly?

Dog Obedience Training

Aggressive Dog Training

Therapy Dog Training

Service Dog Training

We will also have a look at such training types as a dog training camp, group classes, in home dog training and internet dog training.

All these gems have 5-star evaluations on Yelp, tons of happy clients and they are local, oftentimes family-owned businesses, so you can make terrific friends one of your neighbors while doing some training as well!

First things first, there are plenty of options out there in regards to dog training. How can you know which one is good for you?

6 Tips For Picking the Correct Dog Training School

1. Know That the Dog Training Industry is Unregulated

That means that almost anyone could call him or herself a trainer, sadly. However, there are organizations and certifications that can help you identify those who really have the ideal designations and experience. Always check to see if the coach has a number of the following certificates: The Association of Professional Dog Trainers (APDT), The Academy for Dog Trainers (ADT), the Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers (CPDT KA), the Karen Pryor Academy for Animal Training & Behavior (KPAATB), or the International Association of Animal Behavior Consultants. Being the key educational organization for trainers, APDT has a very practical resource called Trainer Search that allows you to find trainers in your area based on your city or zip code. Amazing tool! Notice that if a trainer is certified by the APDT it does not necessarily imply that he or she uses a specific training method, which brings us to the next tip.

2. Know the Training Techniques Used

Now, all coaches have different training procedures, but here are a few fundamental things that would help you swim confidently in the sea of coach jargon. There are currently 4 standard procedures of instruction that stem from behavioral psychology: positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment and negative punishment. Now, the words positive and negative aren’t representing the idea of”good and bad” here, they work more like they would in math, with positive significance addition and negative meaning subtraction of something. It will become clearer in a second.

Positive Reinforcement

This is the most popular method now, and, sure enough, you’re all familiar with it. Positive reinforcement has, at its core, rewarding a dog for desired behavior usually with a treat, a toy or play time, depending on what motivates your dog the most. The trick is to pick the right time: just as your dog does exactly the desirable behavior, reward him or her right away, and supplement the treat with a high-pitched”great dog”, to make sure your pet realizes how happy you are with this behavior. See the way the treat is added here? This is the positive part, also.

Negative Reinforcement

This technique involves taking something unpleasant away to reinforce the desired behaviour. That’s how electric fences work, for example. When a dog gets too near the perimeter, it gets a shock, but the shock disappears the moment the dog moves away from the boundary. This way, the dog learns to steer clear of the perimeter. See the subtraction here – the unpleasant sensations are taken away to reinforce a behavior, this is negative reinforcement.

Positive Punishment

With punishment techniques, the trainer is attempting to make a specific behaviour happen less often. With positive punishment, the coach adds some unpleasant stimuli to discourage a behaviour. With excessive barking, by way of instance, a trainer can add a spray bark collar to the practice, so that every time a dog barks, it gets sprayed. The dog will associate nuisance barking with being sprayed, and this will discourage them from barking all night long again. Can you see how with this technique a coach would add (=positive) something to discourage a behaviour (=punishment).

Negative Punishment

This technique means taking something away (=negative) so as to discourage a behavior (=punishment). A good example is if a trainer turns away from a dog that is leaping on him or other people to get attention. He takes the attention away from the dog to discourage undesired behavior. This method is frequently used together with positive reinforcement to reduce the unwanted behaviour and reinforce the desired behavior.

Ah, that was quite a bit of information, right? Did it become somewhat clearer what the different training methods do? Great. There is still much debate about the best training methods from the coaches’ world, but what you choose remains up to you.

Now that you have learnt more about the behavioral psychology, do you start seeing some similarities between how we train dogs and how the government trains us? On to the next tip.

3. Choose the Training Type

Group Classes, Boot Camps, In House Training or Skype chats – there is every sort of dog training you might need under the sun. Consider the benefits and drawbacks. With in house dog training the apparent advantage is that you will receive more personal attention. If your dog has some socialization problems, in home training will not be as effective as group dog training classes, where both you and your fido can learn to be around other dogs and work around a lot of tempting distractions. If you need your dog to have the experience of a full immersion, then a dog training camp is going to be the best choice. Whereas, if your budget is tight, online dog training might be the solution you’re looking for. Selecting the type of instruction you need will make the task of finding a good dog training school way easier.

4. Watch a Class Before You Sign Up

As soon as you picked a class or a coaching school, take some time to come to one of the training sessions and just watch. Focus on the following:

How large is the class size and if you will be getting enough attention,

If puppies and adult dogs are trained individually,

How many levels do the classes have (basic, intermediate, advanced),

How the coach interacts with the dogs,

How dogs respond to the training,

Whether everyone seems to be having fun and enjoying the process.

If you ticked all the checkboxes here, and are comfortable with the surroundings, you have discovered a fantastic candidate.

5. Don’t Forget About Vaccinations

Safety first! Make sure your dog is properly vaccinated before you start any dog training and get the green light from your vet. Next, ensure that the training college requires every dog to be vaccinated and is asking for a proof. This way you can be certain that the safety aspect of your training is covered.

6. Ask About the Follow Up

Now, what happens once you have completed the program? Do you receive a lifetime membership and can come any time for future”tune ups”, or are follow up visits restricted? Maybe there are no follow up visits in case a problem does arise. Make sure that you ask the school or the coach about what happens once you are finished with their program.

Great, you are all set for the dog training school of your dreams. Now, we’re introducing you to the 10 hidden gem schools with 5-star Yelp evaluations that specialize in the type of dog training you are searching for. Go ahead and find the one for you!

Top 10 Dog Training School Hidden Gems in San Diego Region

The best time to begin training is when your pooch is between 3 and 14 months old, it does not indicate that your puppy doesn’t learn well afterwards, but it’s just the juiciest time while he or she absorbs new tricks such as a sponge, so take advantage of this if possible! The next stage where pet owners often require assistance is the 6 months mark, when pups transition into adolescence, and this time is similar to the teenage years we’ve all been through – demanding.

1. Woofingham Palace – Puppy Training San Diego

Woofingham Palace is our 5-star hidden gem for technical puppy socialization and puppy training in San Diego. It is a family-owned company run by Samantha & Jon Mears, who both immigrated from London 11 years back. Hence, the name of the dog training school. Samantha Mears is a certified professional dog trainer, who passed her CPDT KA (Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainlines) exam with distinction. Samantha has worked with dogs daily for over ten years. She is also a Member of the Association of Pet Dog Trainers (APDT) and is a qualified Canine Good Citizen Evaluator and a member of the Pet Professional Guild (PPG).

Woofingham Palace offers plenty of different puppy training choices for you and your pooch all held inside a fenced training area in the shade of big sails. The classes are small, so you will get that individual attention. This dog training school places lots of emphasis on puppy socialization, and notes that pups who have been socialized young tend to show behavior problems in the long run than those pups who have not. The prices for group puppy training courses range from over $100 to over $300, so you have plenty of options.

559 Union Street

Encinitas. CA 92024

P: 760-929-1996


Now, an all 5-star hidden gem for dog obedience training in San Diego is Complete K9 Dog Training. Its trainer, Shannon, is a Member of the International Association of Canine Professionals (IACP), member of APDT (Association of Pet Dog Trainers), and is CPDT Certified. She holds a BA in Psychology and started training animals in 1991 at Sea World. Total K9 Dog Training provides a range of classes, but specializes in dog obedience training, both novice and advanced.

Total K9 Dog Training teaches the owners how to become good leaders for their dogs without using any intimidation or domination techniques. They focus on building the trust and communication that would allow the puppy to follow the owner… even when he or she does not have that yummy food handy. Shannon puts a lot of focus of training the whole family on how best to work with their dog, as this strengthens the bond between all of the family members and ensures that what a puppy learns at school will be further strengthened at home. The prices of courses vary, but the overall range is between $100 and $165 for group courses.

3. Think Pawsitive Dog Training – Service Dog Training and Therapy Dog Training

Interested in Remedy Dog Training/Service Dog Training? An agency or therapy dog certification requires you to have numerous steps along the way. Think Pawsitive dog training school can assist you throughout the process. She’s been working with dogs since 2003.

What Think Pawsitive offers concerning service dog training and therapy dog training: it offers to help you with the whole process, from basic training to preparing and passing the CGC Certification and Therapy Pet Certification, which you must get in order for your dog to become a formal service/therapy dog. To initiate the program, your dog does not need to be a particular breed or size, it ought to have a calm, friendly character. You know, a therapy dog – boy, that patience! Therapy Dog Evaluations are $30, and Think Pawsitive offers extended discounts for referrals or recently adopted pets, so you can email Vanessa directly to find out more about the program and the pricing.

1273 Crest Dr.

949.533.4756Service area: San Diego + Orange County

4. Behave!

Behave! – another hidden gem which specializes in aggressive dog training in San Diego. Its founder, Alexandra Gant, graduated from ACBDT animal behavior college, and since 2012 has been working with”unworkable” or”last chance” puppies who are on the verge of being euthanized or re-homed as a result of aggression difficulties. Alex focuses on teaching owners in need of dog aggression training how to train the dog by themselves, without relying on professional help. Behave! Trainers are knowledgeable about the various forms of aggression and believe that aggression is a symptom of a far deeper problem, so that they concentrate on fixing the issue, as opposed to simply the symptoms.

Behave! Realizes that dog aggression training is a big commitment, so it encourages all owners who work with them to consider packages instead of sessions. The classes are $80-$125 Per Day, and they now offer a 10% package discount.

-LRB-303-RRB- 746-3487

5. American Canine Training – Dog Protection Training San Diego

So you were looking for guard dog training in San Diego? We found a hidden gem for this too, all 5 stars – American Canine Training. Chris Moredock is the head trainer, certified by APDT (Association of Pet Dog Trainers) and the Pro-train institute of California.

American Canine Training has a number of different choices when it comes to dog protection training. You may choose Security Alert Training, which will teach your dog to watch out for strangers and warn you if they’re up to something spooky. It will also teach your dog to stop aggressive answers in your command. Or you could go for a Personal Protection Training (on and off leash), which will teach the dog to guard his or her humans and property, learn”assault” and”release” commands, etc.. There you go, you’re on your way to getting that cool police-style dog you’ve always wanted.

-LRB-858-RRB- 274-0268

Serving area: the entire San Diego County

6. Legends Dog Training – Behavior Modification Dog Training/Dog Separation Stress Training

If your pooch requires some professional behaviour modification training, this is your local 5-star professional dog behaviorist – Legends Dog Training School. They specialize in dog separation anxiety training, training for dogs with impulsivity problems, fearful response to other dogs and a number of other behavioral problems.

Alyssa Rose (Lapinel), the founder of Legends, is a CPDT-KA certified Canine Training and Behavior Specialist with 15 years of experience in the area of behavioral studies. She is also certified by the Council for Professional Dog Trainers, and by Triple Crown Dog Training Academy. She applied her degree in Phycology to work with children and adults diagnosed with severe disorders like schizophrenia, autism and bipolar disorder, and later used this experience to start working with animals. Alyssa designs behavior modification dog training programs that address the origin of a behavioral issue and provide a systematic framework for improving communication and strengthening the bond between the dog and his/her proprietor.

One consultation costs $150, but it is included if you decide to pursue a training package with 5 courses for $575. Mind you, different options are available, so check Legends site and see their contact info below to learn more.


7. Pawtopia – Dog Agility Training San Diego

You have sure enough heard about this dog training school – Pawtopia. But did you know that they had a technical dog agility training class? Yep, this one also made it to our hidden gems list. Its creator, Colleen Demling, is a licensed coach with 16 years of experience. She’s an AKC Canine Good Citizen Evaluator, is licensed by the CBCC-KA and CPDT-KA, in Addition to IABBC. Colleen also designed the Temperament Evaluation for the Naval Medical Center’s Therapy Dog Program here at San Diego. Colleen is actively involved in several professional organizations, including the International Association of Canine Professionals, the Association of Pet Dog Trainers, and the Animal Behavior Management Alliance.

“Fun with Agility!” Is the class Pawtopia offers for dogs of all levels of training, so don’t look away if you’re not interested in competing – that is dog agility training course for all those who just want to have fun, run through tunnels and jump through hoops, no pressure! The price is $170, and you can learn more on the Pawtopia site.


8. Devotion to Dogs – In Home Dog Training

For those looking for in home dog training, Ben of Devotion to Dogs offers just that, and takes a place in our listing of hidden San Diego gems. He also works with local rescues and believes that every dog can be trained and successfully rehabilitated. His specialization is in home dog training: a private, one on one type of training which enables him to assess the environment and find the appropriate solution. And allows you to save time on commute of course.

Devotion to Dogs offers a variety of packages. The starting package includes a 2-4 hour in home session in addition to a 1 hour follow up session, which goes for $500. Call Devotion to Dogs to Learn More.

Garfield Ave, El Cajon, CA 92020


9. Tully’s Training – Online Dog Training

If you will need some flexibility or are on a budget, Tully’s Training offers not just private in home training and group classes, but also basic obedience positive-reinforcement online dog training – through Skype.

Tully’s Training group is comprised of coaches with experience in exotic, domestic, and marine mammal training, allowing it to look at animal behaviour from other angles. One of the most titled trainers is Meghan McLeod, who allegedly trained with a range of well-recognized behaviorists like Karen Pryer and Dr. Ian Dunbar. Meghan is also a certified CGC evaluator. Check out Tully’s team of trainers with an entire array of different backgrounds here.

According to Tully’s, online dog training has been working great for them and their customers, as they are able to get that same individual, one on one session that you would get in person for a fraction of the price tag. Thus, if online dog training suits your needs, this is the school for you. Training packages are highly customizable, so get in touch with Tully’s for more info.


10. Specialty Dog Training – Dog Training Camp San Diego

Were you looking for a dog training camp in San Diego? It is a family-owned dog training school founded by Graham Bloem, a professional dog trainer with 17+ years of experience and a recipient of numerous awards, including American Red Cross Real Heroes Award and the Honeywell Life Safety Award presented by Larry King himself. Graham’s team is made up of variety of seasoned professionals that collectively have accumulated a lot of accreditations, including certificates by IACP, APDT (Association of Pet Dog Trainers), NADOI, ABSCDT and others. Graham and his wife, Kyrie, also actively support nonprofits, shelters and rescue organizations.

Specialty Dog Training focuses on using positive reinforcement and discipline in their own training. Their dog training camp, i.e. in-kennel training, dog board and train or a boot camp is a structured environment where your dog will be taught all the obedience basics he or she needs to be a excellent companion. Being away from the regular environment is a good opportunity for your dog to”reset”, while the trainers can work on their own behavioral issues in a controlled environment.

Specialty Dog Training provides plenty of packages, they also have a Boot Camp Special for the month of March, with 25% off pet training camps. The purchase price varies between $1575 (with the discount) for a 2-week app with 2 private sessions, to $5400 for an 8-week program with 2 private lessons.

Pacific Pet Resort, 2909 San Luis Rey Rd Oceanside CA 92058


A Love Beyond Measure

Dogs are said to be man’s best friend. And undoubtedly, they are! They are always there when you need them and New York City Wildlife Removal. They can really lighten up somebody’s mood. Their love is endless. The world has seen many stories that tell us how a dog is incomplete with its parent.

It is seen that lots of times pet owners too develop a relationship with their pet, similar to that of a parent and child. This bond is called”stable base effect”.

Sometimes dogs are extremely cautious and careful in the beginning but they can sometimes be goofy and overdo it. But they’ll be fine once they get comfortable around you.

For most dogs, the attachment they feel towards their owner is essential to their well-being. It is studied that while dogs enjoy one another’s company, human attention is what they crave. You may not realize when your dog becomes too much attached to you, and that attachment gets extreme to an extent that in the event you leave your dog for even a day or two, they stop behaving normal. They stop eating. All they need that time is you.

Puppies can sometimes get along with you immediately, if you spend time with them and treat them nicely. It’s very natural for a dog to bond with its owner and if the two of them trust each other, then the process happens very quickly. And from there start a happy love story as with time that pup becomes an irreplaceable part of your life.

Occasionally when puppies are in stress due to a reason they can become very clingy. Older dogs can also show clinginess and more than attachment because of deteriorating senses. That is the time when you will need to know them well and take care of them. They need you that moment, and you need to be there with them.

With all the love dogs give us, we should give them the exact same love in return. We ought to give them enough time, go on walks together and play with them. Give them hugs and speak with them. It’s a beautiful world with a dog for a pet. Cherish that.

Bringing Home a New Furry Friend

You can check out various breeds to learn what Miramar Wildlife Removal appeals to your lifestyle. One thing to consider is that most cats have a life expectancy of 15 to 20 years. If you give a cat to your child, make sure you’ll have the ability to take responsibility for it when they return to college or if they move and are not able to take the cat. Animal shelters are a fantastic place to find a new family member and at times you can also find a pure bred pet. By adopting from an animal shelter, you are also saving a life as their time there’s usually limited.

When you’re ready to embrace a new cat or kitten, the essential things you will need to have are food and water bowls, a litter box, bed, grooming tools and plenty of toys for them to play . Scratching posts and cat trees are a great way to train your new family member where they can use their natural instincts like climbing, scratching and jumping. It will also save your furniture.

Another thing to consider when searching for a new pet is to be sure your have the means to look after them. This would include food, litter, a professional pet stylist if you are unable to handle brushing and bathing and the most costly could be veterinarian visits. Veterinarian visits might just be an annual exam or if it is an older cat or has medical problems veterinary visits will be more frequent and costly. 1 thing that can help with this is pet insurance in case you decide to purchase it.

By being a responsible cat owner it’s extremely important to have your cat micro-chipped and spayed or neutered. Using this method, it will help cut down on the number of pet that wind up in the shelters. Should you adopt a kitten it’s not difficult to train them to be indoor only but older cats may be a little harder sometimes. Cats can be sneaky so having a collar with a breakaway buckle and ID is always a good idea.

Cats will need to be exercised so having toys to keep them moving and in shape. Having laser pointers and feather teasers you will have the ability to interact with your cat that will strengthen the bond between you.

Cat proofing your home is extremely important to prevent any nasty accidents or worse results. . Electric cords will need to be kept out of the reach. All medications, chemicals and cleaning products will need to be kept in a cabinet they can’t open. Occasionally a child proof lock is crucial to make sure their safety. Appliances such as dishwashers, washing machines and clothes dryers should be assessed before to ensure that your cat has not climbed into it for a nap.

Cats are Smarter Than You Think

Of all of the pet animals, the cat might be the fastest learner due to its ability to get and keep information to discover a solution to issues. When an adult cat is placed in a room which it hasn’t seen before, every corner and nook is scrutinized with the help of its instincts. According to behaviorists, this requirement to execute”basic research” provides the cat significant, life-surviving information about his environment.

The highlight of a cat’s intellect is his ability to utilize the information retained to tackle problems. Cats possess the skill to form”learning sets”, which used to be done only by primates. As an example, when trained cats pulled boxes on wheels, this revealed that they could combine that skill and their insight to resolve different problems.

As an example, a cat pulled a box to a certain location, then used it as a stool to get a reward he wants – like food on a string hanging from the ceiling. Though nobody knows their range of cognitive capabilities, cats continue to surprise their owners using their remarkable abilities.

Just like humans, cats learn by observing, imitating, trying, in addition to committing errors. There are plenty of stories about cats opening doors by turning doorknobs, ringing doorbells, turning off lights, opening cabinets, plus using the toilet based on their observation of owners doing the same thing. A good deal of cat behaviorists and also child psychologists agree that an adult cat’s intelligence is equivalent to that of a toddler who’s 2 to 3 years old. At this age, children are extremely smart and manipulative, so it is not surprising that cats are better coaches than their owners are to them.

Though the cat is thought of as the smartest among all domestic animals, cat owners must understand the constraints of the pet’s thought processes, because attributing human motivations to the pet cat can affect the individual, and systematic approach is required to treat behavioral issues.

For instance, cats can’t remember the past or make future plans. So, it’s useless for an owner to scold a pet cat for something it did moments ago or when caught in the act, since the cat cannot make a connection between an action and punishment. Its actions aren’t influenced by revenge for what an owner said or did in the past. These could be blamed on the stress brought about by its owner’s actions.

The behavioral issues of cats are triggered by humans, and when cats are not supplied with the necessary things to naturally behave like a cat, this may have a negative impact on their human owners. For more info check out Wildlife Removal.

To Scratch or Not to Scratch

If you happen to be a cat owner, then you would realize that your precious pet loves scratching stuff. Much to your horror, cats love to scratch the furniture! This may seem like a major problem, but it can be easily resolved. The secret is to learn how to train a cat to use a scratching post. There are many ways for you to manage this problem.

First of all, it’s important to understand why cats scratch their paws. Cats spread their scent by scratching their paws so they’re marking their territory.

It helps them to feel secure and to identify their enclave. Shedding claws is another reason for scratching. See there are lots of advantages to cats scratching their paws except that it wreaks havoc on your furniture.

Now that you know the common reasons why cats are scratching their paws, we can move on to some useful things that you could do to help them learn to use a scratching post instead of your furniture.

Start early

If you have your pets as kittens, then you can begin training them while they’re young. In this manner, the action will be ingrained in them. However, if you currently have an adult cat, they can nevertheless be trained but might need more persistence and perseverance.

Locate a scratching post Your cat will love

Sometimes, it is all about finding the perfect kind of scratching post that will appeal to your cat. You can find the appropriate post for your cat usually through trial and error. You may want to experiment and see which one works. For instance, some would prefer a vertical post rather than a horizontal surface. The important thing is to be able to get the right one that will appeal to your cat’s preferences.

Determine the best place to place your scratching post

Other times, it is not the quality of the scratching post that’s important but the location. You should keep in mind that you ought to place your post where it’ll be accessible to your cat.

1 pro tip: cats usually do their scratching before they take a nap. The ideal place to put your scratching post is where your cat usually adheres. In case you’ve got the capacity, it is also great to place several posts in different areas of the house. Place it on your pet’s usual spots, and it will certainly get to maximize its usage.

But if you happen to have a piece of furniture that your cat is very much attached to, then you can try putting a scratching post near it. This is an fantastic way to divert its attention and focus the scratching on the post and not on your furniture.

Use Rewards and Affirmations

As with all great training, you may use exemptions and rewards to your pet. This simply means that if your pet uses the scratch post, it will get a reward. On the flip side, if they still play with your beloved furniture, then you need to be firm and let your pet know that’s wrong.

To further entice your cat to use the scratching post, you can put catnip on and around the post or hang a toy for them to be able to play with. Finally , they will get the hang of it and start using the article regularly.

Don’t tolerate

If your cat is persistent, then it’s time to use your voice to let your pet know its actions are incorrect. Your pet will be startled and over time will understand that what it’s doing is inappropriate. You could also spritz some water in your cat whenever it starts scratching the future. These are simply a few ways to dissuade your pet.

Other Remedies

But if the tips mentioned previously do not work at all, then you may go a different route. 1 thing you could do is to make your furniture unappealing to your pet. You can do this by covering your cat’s favorite furniture with foil or tape. Cats don’t like these textures and can dissuade them from further scratching. It can seem like a hideous appearance for your furniture, but it is only temporary. You can remove them when your cat loses its interest.

When all else fail, you can try changing your furniture. Consider furniture that’s made from microfiber. It can tolerate scratching, but at exactly the same time, there are also different designs available that will suit your home.


Cats are adorable and fun-loving. Just do not forget that cat scratching is a natural occurrence. It may seem horrible, but if you train them early, then you will have the ability to transcend this ordeal. It’s much easier to train cats once you know the reason behind their behavior.

There are countless of other ways on the best way best to train a cat to use a scratching post. These are some of the most frequent ones. You can begin training early while they are still kittens so that they can recall as they develop. Perhaps, it is possible to find a nice scratching post your pet would like. There are many different kinds of scratching posts, therefore it’s better if you try and determine which one best work for your pet.

In the long run, if all else fail, then you could consider changing your furniture or making your furniture scratch-proof. It pays to be patient and listen to your cat’s needs. Cats differ from one another; you might be vulnerable to training while others aren’t. More at Greenacres Rat removal.